Reference: National Institute of Child Health and Human development
The first stool will be thick and sticky, the colour can range from dark green to black. This is called meconium. After the first couple of days the stool will turn green-yellow. A breastfed baby can pass stool with every feed or alternatively not pass stool for up to 5 days. This can be totally normal. If baby is feeding, not irritable and the tummy is not getting bigger you can watch and wait. Chat to the doctor if you are concerned. No baby should be discharged after birth until he/she has passed a stool. A baby receiving formula will have a stool that is slightly harder and will also pass stool less frequently.
a baby between 3-12 months should still have at least 1-2 stools a day. Remember every baby is different. We worry if a baby's bowel movement all of a sudden differ from the habitual.
A baby can take up to 24 hours to pass urine for the first time. Again no baby can be discharged from hospital before he/she passed urine. Babies that receive breastmilk might not have frequent nappies on day 1 and to due to small volume of breastmilk. Roughly we want baby to pass 1 nappy for each day of life and then have at least 4 wet nappies by day 5. So 1 day of life at least 1 wet nappy.
Older babies can have up to 6 wet nappies a day.
If the nappy frequency all of a sudden reduce we must exclude tings like dehydration or bladder infection. Very dark urine also warrant a visit to the doctor or clinic.